Expedition 64 Education Inflight with Million Girls Moonshot Group – January 7, 2021

>> Announcer: STATION HOUSTON,ARE YOU READY FOR THE EVENT?>> WE ARE READY FOR THE EVENT. >> Announcer: HOUSTON THIS ACR,THIS IS MISSION CONTROL, PLEASECALL FOR A VOICE CHECK. >> HOUSTON THIS IS MISSIONCONTROL. HOW DO YOU HEAR ME?>> I HAVE YOU LOUD AND CLEAR. WELCOME ABOARD THE SPACESTATION. >> HELLO TO ASTRONAUTS ABOARDTHE INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATIONAND AFTER-SCHOOL STUDENTSEVERYWHERE. THROUGH MILLION GIRLS MOONSHOTAND THE MISSION BY MOD APP,WE’RE WORKING TO HELP YOUEXPLORE NEW WORLDS, AND TODAY,THANKS TO NASA, YOU ARE ABOUT TOSHARE AN EXPERIENCE THAT IS OUTOF THIS WORLD. NOW LET’S GO TO OUR FIRSTQUESTION FOR ASTRONAUTS SHANNONWALKER AND KATE RUBINS. >> HI, MY NAME IS DIANE SCOTTAND I GO TO , ANDI’M REPRESENTATIVE OF INCORPORATED OFST. LOUIS. MY QUESTION FOR YOU TODAY IS, ASWE MOVE INTO THE NEW YEAR, WHATARE SOME NEW THINGS WE SHOULDEXPECT FROM NASA?>> OH, MY. THERE IS SO MUCH GOING ON ATNASA, YOU WOULDN’T EVEN BELIEVEIT. LET’S START WITH THE ARTEMISPROGRAM. THAT IS OUR PROGRAM WHERE WE AREGOING TO TAKE PEOPLE BACK TO THEMOON. WE EXPECT OUR FIRST UNCREWEDTEST LAUNCH THIS YEAR, FOLLOWEDSOON BY PEOPLE. THEN WE HAVE THE SPACE STATIONWHERE KATE AND I ARE NOW. WE HAVE TOON OF SCIENCE GOING ONHERE. SOON WE’RE GOING TO HAVE ANOTHERCREW COMING UP HERE. WE ACTUALLY HAVE A NEW AIR LOCKON THE SPACE STATION WHERE WECAN TAKE SCIENCE SAMPLES IN ANDOUT. AND WE HAVE OUR UNMANNED STUFFGOING ON IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM ASWELL. WE EVEN HAVE — DID YOU KNOW,THAT WE HAVE SATELLITES THAT WELAUNCHED WHEN WE WERE YOUNG THATARE OUTSIDE OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM,AND WE ARE STILL TALKING TOTHEM. THERE IS SO MUCH GOING ON ATNASA, IT’S UNBELIEVABLE. >> HI, MY NAME IS NINA AND I ATTEND IN VERMONT. MY QUESTION IS WHAT KIND OFRESEARCH DO YOU DO ON THE ISS?>> HEY, THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION. I JUST CAME TO THIS ACTIVITYACTUALLY FROM DOING A WHOLEBUNCH OF RESEARCH. WE WERE LOOKING AT BACTERIA, ANDHOW THEY GROW IN SPACE, SO THISIS SUPER INTERESTING. OF COURSE YOU HAVE A LOT OFBACTERIA ON EARTH. SOME ARE GOOD, SOME ARE BAD, BUTTHEY ARE EVERYWHERE. THEY ARE PART OF OURENVIRONMENT. SO IF YOU HAVE PEOPLE UP HERE,YOU ARE GOING TO HAVE BACTERIATOO. AND WE’RE REALLY INTERESTED TOWHAT HAPPENS TO BACTERIA ON THESURFACE OF THE SPACE STATION,THIS IS ONE OF THE THINGS I HAVELOOKING AT FOR THE LAST FEWHOURS. WE ALSO LOOK AT WHAT HAPPENS TOHUMAN BODIES IN SPACE, AND I’MDOING A BIG EXPERIMENT RIGHT NOWLOOKING AT THE MAKEUP OF YOURHEART TISSUE, SO HOW DO HUMANHEART CELLS ACTUALLY BEAT INSPACE IN WE’RE GOING TO SEND ALLOF THIS SCIENCE BACK TO THEPLANET SOON, AND WE’RE REALLYLOOKING FORWARD TO HEARING ABOUTALL OF THESE RESULTS FROM THEINTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION. >>> HI, MY NAME IS LEAH, AND I’MFROM TEXAS. MY QUESTION IS HOW FAR IS THESPACE STATION FROM THE SUN?>> LEAH, THAT’S A GREATQUESTION. AND I’M FROM TEXAS TOO. YOU KNOW, THE SUN IS ABOUT 93MILLION MILES FROM THE EARTHGIVE OR TAKE. THE SPACE STATION IS ONLY ABOUT300 MILES FROM THE EARTH, GIVEOR TAKE. SO THE SPACE STATION IS STILLABOUT 93 MILLION MILES FROM THESUN. >> HI, MY NAME IS A IN WISCONSIN. MY QUESTION IS HOW LONG DO YOUTRAIN FOR YOUR FIRST MISSION?>> HI, IT’S NICE TO TALK TO YOU. SO WE HAVE TRAINING IN A COUPLEOF PARTS. THE FIRST IS AFTER WE GETELECTED TO BE ASTRONAUTS, WE DOBASIC TRAINING, AND THAT TAKESABOUT TWO YEARS, AND THEN WHENWE GET SELECTED FOR OUR MISSION,WE DO ANOTHER TWO TO TWO AND AHALF YEARS OF TRAINING, AND THISIS TRAINING ALL OVER THE WORLD. SO WE HAVE INTERNATIONAL PARTNERAGENCIES, AND WE TRAIN IN PLACESLIKE JAPAN AND RUSSIA AND CANADAAND EUROPE IN ADDITION TO OURTRAINING AT JOHNSON SPACE CENTERIN TEXAS. >> HI, MY NAME IS ,AND I AM FROM NEBRASKA. MY QUESTION IS WHAT IS IT LIKEWITH NO GRAVITY IN SPACE?>> NATALIE, THAT’S AN EXCELLENTQUESTION. NO GRAVITY IS VERY INTERESTING. OF COURSE WE’RE FLOATING ALL OFTHE TIME, SO IN SPACE YOU DON’TACTUALLY HAVE CHAIRS, WE CANJUST SIT WHERE WE WANT TO. ANOTHER THING WE CAN DO, IS IFWE FEEL LIKE IT, WE CAN PRETENDTO BE SUPERHEROES AND FLYAROUND, BUT THE REAL FUN THINGIS, IF YOU DON’T LIKE IT, YOUCAN SPEND TIME ON THE CEILING. >> I LOVE IT. >> HI, MY NAME IS ALEX AND I’MFROM TEXAS. HOW QUESTION IS HOW DOES AGYROSCOPIC STABILIZER WORK INYOUR SPACE STATION?>> HEY, THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION,AND THIS INVOLVES A LOT OFPHYSICS, BECAUSE OBVIOUSLY WEHAVE TO CONTROL OUR MOMENTUM. SO WE HAVE THINGS THAT ARE GIANTGYRO SCOPES, AND THEY ARE REALLYBIG. WE HAVE MORE OF THEM, AND THEYARE LOCATED ON THE OUTSIDE OFTHE SPACE STATION, AND THESEGMC’S CAN SPIN UP, AND THEGYROSCOPE HELPS SET IT UP. AND YOU CAN PROBABLY GO WORK OUTSOME MATH PROBLEMS TO FIGURETHIS OUT. WHAT WE DO TO OFFSET OURMOMENTUM IS FIRE THRUSTERS ANDTHOSE ARE ON THE BACK OF THESPACE STATION, AND THIS ALLOWSUS TO OFFSET THAT MOMENTUM, WECAN REGET OUR GYROSCOPES. >> HI, MY NAME IS TEIGEN, ANDI’M FROM NEBRASKA, AND I WANT TOKNOW ABOUT THE APPLICATIONPROCESS TO BE ON THE ISS OR TOWORK AT NASA. >> THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION. THE APPLICATION PROCESS STARTSOFF PRETTY SIMPLE. THERE IS FORM YOU HAVE TO FILLOUT. TO BE AN ASTRONAUT, WE DON’TSELECT CREWS VERY OFTEN. WE SELECT CREWS ABOUT ONCE EVERYFOUR YEARS OR SO, SO YOU HEAR ACALL THAT NASA IS LOOKING FORASTRONAUTS, YOU NEED TO GET YOURAPPLICATION IN. AND THEN WE PICK THE PEOPLE WEWANT TO INTERVIEW. WE ACTUALLY INTERVIEW PEOPLETWICE BEFORE THEY GET SELECTEDTO BE AN ASTRONAUT. >> HI, MY NAME IS . I’M FROM MARYLAND, AND MYQUESTION IS HOW LONG ARE DAILYDO YOU SPEND OUTSIDE TO CLEANTHE SPACE STATION. >> THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION. WE USE AN EXTRA VEHICULARACTIVITY. WE DON’T DO THIS ON A DAILYBASIS. IT’S A BIG DEAL TO PLAN A SPACEWALK, AND SO WE DO THIS — WEWAIT AND WE KIND OF COLLECTEVERYTHING THAT NEEDS FIXING,AND WE PUT IT ALL ON ONE DAY, ORWE CAN GO OUT AND FIX SOMETHINGIF IT’S REALLY URGENT. WE DO THESE — WE’RE GOING TO DOFOUR COMING UP, AND SO YOU’LLSEE THOSE PRETTY SOON AT THE ENDOF JANUARY AND EARLY FEBRUARY,AND THOSE ARE EVEN ON NASA TV,SO IF YOU WANT TO WATCH USOUTSIDE FIXING THINGS IN SPACE,YOU CAN DO THAT YOU CAN DO THAT. YOU CAN WATCH US FIX THINGS ONTHE OUTSIDE OF THE SPACESTATION. AND THE WHOLE WALK ITSELFUSUALLY TAKES ABOUT 6. 5 HOURS,AND THAT’S WHEN WE’RE OUTSIDETHE SPACE STATION IN VACUUM, BUTTO PREPARE AND DO THE WALK ANDCOME BACK, IT’S A LONG DAY. IT’S ABOUT 12 HOURS TOTAL. AND ABOUT 10 OR 11 OF THOSE WEARE IN THE SPACE SUIT. SO IT’S A BIG DAY. >> HI MY NAME IS KALELY, I LIVEIN ILLINOIS, AND MY QUESTION ISWHAT TYPE OF EXERCISES DO YOU DOIN ORDER TO KEEP YOUR BODY INSHAPE?THANK YOU. >> THANKS FOR THE QUESTION. WE DO HAVE TO DO EXERCISE UPHERE. WE DO ABOUT 2. 5 HOURS EVERY DAY. WHICH IS SO IMPORTANT. WE HAVE AN EXERCISE BIKE THAT WERIDE. AND THE INTERESTING THING INSPACE, YOU DON’T NEED A SEAT,YOU JUST HAVE YOUR FEET CLIPPEDTO THE PEDALS AND YOU CAN RIDE. WE HAVE A TREADMILL. ON A TREADMILL, YOU HAVE TO WEARA HARNESS THAT WILL HOLD YOUDOWN TO THE TREADMILL. AND THEN WE HAVE THIS GREATMACHINE — IT’S KIND OF MAGICAL. IT’S LIKE LIFTING WEIGHTS. OF COURSE YOU CAN’T LIFT WEIGHTSIN SPACE. BECAUSE THERE’S NO WEIGHT UPHERE. BUT YOU PUSH AGAINST RESISTANCE,AND THAT’S HOW YOU REALLY KEEPYOUR MUSCLES STRONG. SO THREE WAYS TO DO EXERCISESPACE. >> HI, MY NAME IS TABATHA. WHAT INSPIRED YOU TO GO TOSPACE, AND WHAT WAS YOUR BIGGESTCHALLENGE IN YOUR TRAINING. >> HI, TABATHA, I AM NOT FROMBOSTON, BUT I LIVED THERE FORTHREE YEARS DOING MIT. SINCE I CAN REMEMBER I HAVEALWAYS WANTED TO GO TO SPACE. WHEN I WAS FIVE, I SAID I WANTTO BE AN ASTRONAUT. WE HAD — ACTUALLY OUR COUNTYHAD SKY-WATCHING PARTIES, SO WEWOULD TAKE GIANT TELESCOPES OUTAND WE COULD GET TO SEE THESTARS, AND I REMEMBER BEING FIVEOR SIX, AND THIS WAS JUSTINCREDIBLY INSPIRING. IN TERMS OF THE BIGGESTCHALLENGE, IT’S A LITTLE BITDIFFICULT WHEN WE’RE IN TRAININGAND WE HAVE TO LEARN SO MANYTHINGS, AND WE HAVE TO REMEMBERSO MANY THINGS, SO WE HAVE ABOUTTWO AND A HALF YEARS OFTRAINING, AND ONE OF THE THINGSTHAT WE DO UP HERE IS WE REALLYDO ALL KINDS OF JOBS. SO YOU HAVE TO BE THE PLUMMER,AND THE ELECTRICIAN –>> THE DOCTOR. >> THE DOCTOR. SOMETIMES THE DENTIST. THE SCIENTIST, THE SPACE WALKER,AND WE GET TRAINING FOR ALL OFTHIS. AND YOU HAVE TO REMEMBER THISTRAINING THROUGH TWO AND A HALFYEARS, KEEP IT ALL STRAIGHT, ANDBE ABLE TO DO IT ALL PERFECTLYTHE FIRST TIME YOU ARE IN SPACE. I THINK THAT’S OUR BIGGESTCHALLENGE. >> HI, MY NAME IS ALI, I LIVE INTEXAS. WHAT IS THE MOST INTERESTINGTHING YOU HAVE SEEN OUTSIDE OFYOUR WINDOW?>> IT IS HARD TO CHOOSE ONE. LAST NIGHT WE WERE FLYINGTHROUGH SOME AURORA. THE MILKY WAY, TO SEE THE STARSAND THE MILKYWAY IS ABSOLUTELYUNBELIEVABLE. THE LIGHTENING ACROSS THE PLANETIS REALLY QUITE STUNNING TOO. I DON’T KNOW. HARD TO CHOOSE. >> MY NAME IS ANDI ATTEND ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IN FORT WORTH,TEXAS. AND MY QUESTION DOES FOOD TASTETHE SAME IN SPACE AS AT HOME?>> HEY, THAT’S A GREAT QUESTION. SO OUR FOOD UP HERE, A LOT OF ITIS DEHYDRATED FOOD. AND THEN WE REHYDRATE IT UPHERE. ONE OF THE INTERESTING THINGABOUT SPACE IS THAT YOU LOOSEYOUR SENSE OF SMELL. SO WE’RE A LITTLE BIT STUFFEDUP. ALL OF THE FLUID IN OUR LEGSTHAT IS NORMALLY FROM GRAVITYENDS UP FLOATING UP TO OUR HEAD. IT’S NOT BAD, BUT IT DOES MAKEYOU FEEL LIKE YOU HAVE A LITTLEBIT OF A STUFFY NOSE. AND THEN YOUR SENSE OF SMELLEFFECTS YOUR SENSE OF TASTE, SOEVEN IF YOU DON’T LIKE HOT SAUCEON THE GROUND, YOU DEFINITELYLIKE HOT SAUCE IN SPACE. WE PUT IT ON ALL OF OUR FOOD. >> YEP. >> HI MY NAME IS NATALIE. I’M FROM VERMONT, AND MYQUESTION IS WHAT ARE SOME OF THETYPES OF JOBS YOU PERFORM ON THEISS?DO YOU MAINTAIN CONTROL OF THECOMPUTERS OR THE ELECTRICALSYSTEMS?>> THAT IS GREAT, BECAUSE, YES,TO ALL OF THAT. WE DO JUST ABOUT EVERYTHING ONTHE SPACE STATION, AND THAT’SWHY WE’RE TRAINED TO DO ANYTHINGON THE SPACE STATION. EACH DAY WE WAKE UP IN THEMORNING AND THE CONTROL CENTERSON THE GROUND HAVE UP LINKED OURSCHEDULES FOR THE DAY, AND ITCOULD BE DOING SCIENCE. IT COULD BE DOING MAINTENANCE ONTHE STATION, OR A SPACE WALK,YOU NEVER KNOW. BUT GUARANTEED YOU WILL DOINGALL OF IT UP THERE. >> HI, MY NAME IS AMELIA, ANDI’M FROM MARYLAND. ARE THERE ANY GAMES ORACTIVITIES THAT YOU DO OR PLAYIN YOUR FREE TIME IN SPACE?>> HEY, AMELIA, IT’S NICE TOTALK TO YOU. I SPENT SOME TIME IN MARYLAND. I WORKED IN FREDERICK FOR ALITTLE WHILE. SO HELLO TO MARYLAND. AND YES, WE DON’T HAVE A LOT OFFREE TIME IN SPACE. WE’RE PRETTY BUSY WITH WORK, BUTONE THING WE HAVE BEENTRYING — AND THIS IS ONE OF MYCREW MATE’S IDEAS IS WE TRY TOFLOATING IN FROM ALL OF THEDIFFERENT MODULES AND TAKE AVIDEO. ONE FROM THE RIGHT, ONE FROM THELEFT, ONE FROM THE CEILING, ONEFROM THE GROUND. WE THOUGHT WE WOULD BE LIKE THEBLUE ANGELS WHERE THEY FLY INFORMATION AND THEY LOOK REALLYGOOD. WE WERE NOT LIKE THE BLUEANGELS. WE CRASHED A FEW TIMES. WE NEED TO PRACTICE MORE. IT WAS A PRETTY FUN ACTIVITYTRYING TO FLY IN FORMATION FROMDIFFERENT DIRECTIONS ANDPRACTICE HIGHLY AEROBATIC FLIGHTMOVES. >> DO YOU NEED TO KNOW OTHERLANGUAGES TO BE AN ASTRONAUT?>> OH, GABRIELLE DO WE NEED TOKNOW DIFFERENT LANGUAGES?ABSOLUTELY. THIS IS THE INTERNATIONAL SPACESTATION. SO A LOT OF TIMES WE JUST SPEAKENGLISH UP HERE. CERTAINLY AMONGST THE AMERICANS. BUT WE HAVE PEOPLE FROM ALLAROUND THE WORLD. WE HAVE A JAPANESE ASTRONAUTWITH US, AND TWO RUSSIANS ASPART OF OUR CREW AS WELL. SO WE SPEAK RUSSIAN. KATE LAUNCHED ON A RUSSIANSPACECRAFT, AND SO SHE HAD TOLEARN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE. I HAVE HAD TO LEARN THE RUSSIANLANGUAGE. WE KNOW RUSSIAN, ENGLISH. WE KNOW SOME JAPANESE. IT JUST DEPENDS, BUT YES. SHANNON SPEAKS SEVERAL OTHERLANGUAGES. GERMAN?WHAT ELSE?>> LET’S JUST STOP WITH GERMAN. >> SHE SPEAKS A LOT OFLANGUAGES. ALL RIGHT. SORRY, NEXT QUESTION. >> HI MY NAME IS AMBER FROMILLINOIS, AND MY QUESTION IS HOWLONG DID IT TAKE TO GET TOSPACE, AND WHAT DOES IT FEELLIKE WITH NO GRAVITY TO PULL YOUDOWN?>> HEY, THAT IS A GREATQUESTION. SO HOW LONG DOES IT GET TOSPACE. SHANNON HOLD YOU ABOUT THE FACTTHAT WE’RE ABOUT 300 MILES FROMTHE PLANET, MORE OR LESS,250-SOME DAYS, SO THAT IS NOTTHAT LONG IN TERMS OF MILESGIVEN HOW FAST WE LAUNCH. BY THE TIME WE’RE AT OUR TOPORBITAL SPEED. SO IT ACTUALLY ONLY TAKES EIGHTOR NINE MINUTES TO GET FROMPLANET EARTH TO OUR FIRST ORBIT. BUT ONCE WE’RE IN ORBIT, WE’RENOT NECESSARILY IN THE SAMEORBIT AS THE SPACE STATION. SO WE DO A SERIES OF BURNS. AND EVERY TIME YOU DO BURNS, YOUHAVE TO DO TWO. WE ALWAYS NEED TO DO TWO BURNS,AND WE SLOWLY ADJUST OUR ORBIT,UNTIL WE CAN FINALLY RENDEZVOUSAND DOCK WITH THE SPACE STATION. SO FOR ME WE GOT TO ORBIT VERY,VERY QUICKLY. THE FIRST TIME I WAS UP HERE, ITTOOK US TWO AND A HALF DAYS TOGET TO THE SPACE STATION. THEN THE NORMAL BECAME ABOUT SIXHOURS, AND THEN THIS WAS A VERYQUICK TWO-ORBIT RENDEZVOUS. >> HI, I’M AMBASSADOR FROM MIAMI, FLORIDAON BEHALF OF MILLION GIRLSMOONSHOT AND AFTER SCHOOLPROGRAMS EVERYWHERE, THANK YOUFOR THIS EXPLORATION INTO SPACE. >> Announcer: STATION THIS ISHOUSTON ACR, THAT CONCLUDES THEEVENT. >> Announcer: THANK YOU TO ALLPARTICIPANTS. STATION, WE ARE NOW RESUMINGOPERATIONAL AUDIOCOM.

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